Mayoral Candidate Penfield Tate III: The Streetsblog Interview

Penfield Tate III, who is running for mayor, says he would like to help improve traffic in Denver by making data around construction  closures more accessible. Photo: Andy Bosselman
Penfield Tate III, who is running for mayor, says he would like to help improve traffic in Denver by making data around construction closures more accessible. Photo: Andy Bosselman

This is the first of a series of interviews with four candidates for Denver mayor in the May 7, 2019 municipal election. Editor Andy Bosselman conducted and condensed each interview. Several members of the Streetsblog Denver board of directors advised Bosselman in choosing the candidates and the subject matter covered. Other interviews include:  and Dr. Lisa Calderón

Other interviews include: Dr. Lisa CalderónJamie Giellis, Mayor Michael Hancock and Kalyn Heffernan.

Sen. Penfield Tate III is an attorney who served in the Colorado Senate from 2000 to 2003. In 2003, he ran for Denver mayor in the election that elected Gov. John Hickenlooper to his first term as mayor. 

Q: Briefly, what can you do for Denver voters that Mayor Hancock can’t?

A: It’s starting from a big picture perspective. Bring accessible, ethical and transparent government leadership to Denver, which so many people feel we don’t have now.

Neighborhood after neighborhood feels that they don’t have access to the mayor’s office, that no one talks to them, and when they scream no one listens. That’s sort of the whole thing around Denveright. (Hancock challengers Tate, Lisa Calderón and Jamie Giellis called for delaying approval of the city’s long-term planning process).

People wanted change at the top. They want new leadership. We will bring that.

Q: What’s your vision for Denver’s transportation future?

A: We’ve got to have options. Whether it’s shuttles in neighborhoods, between neighborhoods, more transit options. Vehicle-to-vehicle communications, sign-to-vehicle communication. Apps that tell you which streets are under construction this week or this day.

Up-to-date mapping data around construction, events

A: You never know which roads are going to be open or closed because there’s never any warning. … If there is a way to either … to find someone to tailor an app for Denver, or if there’s a way to open source it and just put it out there and let the current providers [like Google Maps] have access to us — and then we drive what information we want them to have. Either way we need to get that service to people just to help facilitate movement around the city.

One-way streets and flex lanes

A: I think we need to look at the current road grid. We may need to install more one-way streets to move traffic more quickly because we can’t widen a bunch of roads. … We need to look at flex lanes, which … make more lanes available coming in for rush hour and out for rush hour.

Opening dedicated bus lanes to regular traffic

We need to explore the fact that on some of our streets we have lanes that are restricted for bus traffic only 24/7. Maybe it makes sense during some hours of the day to open those lanes up again to expedite getting people in and out of the city or around the city.

Bike lanes

I think the bike lane system is good, it needs to be expanded. … The bike lane system is kind of disjointed right now. … scooters, the motorized skateboards, should be in those lanes also.

I’ve talked to cyclists as well as drivers who will tell you as they move from one part of the city to the other, it’s not real clear what the rules of engagement are. And that’s not a good sign. Moving forward … we’ve got to address that.


We have a large part of the city that doesn’t have sidewalks. … Now that more people are looking at other mobility options … you don’t want wheelchairs in the street, you need to have sidewalks for that.

Q: Tell me about the last time you took public transportation.

A: The last time I took public transit was the A-Line from Union Station to the airport. I don’t ride the bus regularly because it is not convenient with my schedule. And the transfer. And the time it takes to get from point A to point B.

Q: In your time as a state representative and state senator, do you have accomplishments related to pedestrian safety, bicycle infrastructure, or public transportation that you’re proud of?

A: I supported FasTracks [Though Tate was out of the legislature by then]. I didn’t support T-Rex because I didn’t agree on the on the highway portion of it. And I didn’t agree on the funding mechanisms either.

Q: Will you continue Denver’s Vision Zero commitment to end all traffic fatalities and serious injuries by 2030?

A: Obviously, any effort to reduce traffic fatalities and pedestrian-vehicle fatalities is something we ought to look at and continue to support. I would take a look at its current goals, but more importantly, the goal is not the issue. It’s what specific, concrete steps are being taken to achieve the goal — and to see whether we’re on track or for falling behind. And if there are other optimal ways to get to that goal.

Typically, most of these things cost money. It’s a question of how much you want to prioritize it. I think people getting killed is a pretty high priority. So it’s something I’d look at really closely to encourage.

Q: You have called on the mayor to pause the Denveright planning process, which is being finalized now after three years of work. The city says 25,000 people participated in the process, but you say the public hasn’t been engaged enough. Tell me about that. And do you have specific ideas about how residents should be engaged?

A: I, and others, were amplifying the voices we’ve heard. … The [Denveright] plan started as a top-down proposal. Folks in City Hall and consultants wrote it and then put it on the table and said, “Hey you react to it.”

When someone walks in with a preordained solution, they’re not really looking for feedback. They’re looking for validation of their point of view.

Q: Do you have specific ideas on how to engage the public?

A: We need to reverse it. Rather than having people respond to the plan. … Go into the neighborhoods. Say: “What do you want your neighborhood to look like?” … Let’s talk about parks. Let’s talk about infrastructure. Let’s talk about development. … What sort of things do you want and need?

Q: The city has a goal of reducing single-occupancy vehicle trips from 73 percent to 50 percent in about a decade. To make that transition, billions needs to be invested in improving walking, biking and transit. You have said that funding needs to be raised from new sources. What are those sources and can they raise the billions needed to make a big impact on how people get around?

A: I don’t know if you can raise billions all on one swing. … We need to make sure the source is not regressive, sales [taxes] are often where people go, but that injures people on the lower income scales the most.

Part of it begins by taking a census to figure out how we want to reduce single occupancy trips, and what we think are the best approaches that give us the biggest bang for the buck. But price them out, scope them out, and set a budget. And figure out we fund it. We’ve got to start there, which I don’t think has been done in a comprehensive fashion to this point.

[Editor’s note: the Denveright process includes a plan to reduce SOV trips, which calls for $2 billion in new transit investments, with no new source of funding identified. Candidate Jamie Giellis’ plan calls for $5 billion in transit spending.]

Parking downtown

A: The current approach, of making driving downtown difficult or frustrating — eliminating parking — is not a way to get [to fewer single occupancy vehicle trips]. It’s a way to discourage people from coming downtown, and that’s not good for merchants and our cultural venues. That doesn’t make sense.

Inside the Tate campaign office in the Whittier neighborhood.
Inside the Tate campaign office in the Whittier neighborhood.

Q: Parking is known to cause “induced demand,” meaning that when ample parking is available, it encourages people to drive, even when good transit is available. On the flip side, several studies have shown that making parking more difficult increases transit use, biking and walking — which you say you support. But to make improvements to these mobility options, parking often needs to be removed. How would you reconcile your desire to have parking and the need to improve these other mobility options?

A: Compared to some other cities, we don’t have [a] robust and comprehensive transit system. I’ve heard people say that the fares with RTD are some of the most expensive in the country. … We don’t have the infrastructure that allows you to … catch a bus and get there within five minutes or 10 minutes … rather than 45 minutes after two transfers. That’s the transit system we have.

Q: If there is a citywide goal to reduce congestion, it will mean creating more bus priority lanes where cars are not allowed. It means taking up some of the road space for biking. And for pedestrian safety. It means narrowing streets so that traffic moves a bit slower. You say that the neighborhoods don’t feel listened to. But when they say they want less traffic, it comes down to balancing these competing interests on the street. People are going to kick and scream about losing parking and losing street space. At some point, isn’t it necessary to have some leadership, to push people, even if they don’t see the forest for the trees?

A: Leadership is absolutely necessary. We’re all interdependent, neighborhoods are interlocked. What happens in one impacts another. And that’s part of the hard conversations we have to have.

At the end of the day, once you have had the hard conversations, you need to talk about which direction you need to go. The point is, you have to include them all the way through that process. If these are the things you tell me … are important to you, I intend to be effective enough to explain to people that this is the path we need to go. These are things we have to do to get there, even though some of them are not very pleasant from a particular individual’s perspective.

Q: Are you familiar with the Bus Rapid Transit plan on Colfax?

A: Yes.

Q: A lot of Americans aren’t really familiar with Bus Rapid Transit, It’s kind of a surface subway. It’s common in Latin America where it has been very successful. Is the wider expansion of BRT across Denver be something you’d be interested in?

A: Yeah I’d be interested in exploring it and looking at it.

Let me offer something. A couple neighborhoods have said to me, I don’t know if they’re right, but it’s just some of the feedback I got. They weren’t necessarily convinced of BRT on Colfax because their experience was: Riding the 15 on Colfax may be a unique experience, but it’s one of the most reliable and consistent bus lines in the city.

Their point was, maybe we need to redo what sort of buses, and how RTD services this corridor, without investing significant sums of money to put the BRT lanes in the middle of the street. And eliminating all the other traffic lanes, and have people walking in the middle of the street to catch the BRT. I don’t know if that’s the right solution or not.

Q: So you’re not a supporter of it?

A: No no that’s not what I said. No.

I think it’s something we ought to continue to explore and evaluate. I’m saying some neighborhoods I talked to raised the question whether that’s the best place to implement that sort of solution, versus working with RTD to modify how it serves the number 15.

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  • TakeFive

    Best response:

    A: We’ve got to have options. Whether it’s shuttles in neighborhoods, between neighborhoods, more transit options.

    I also agree with his view of parking – generally. Too much is assumed with the supposed value of limiting parking w/o considering the consequences. I am disappointed he doesn’t understand the value of bus rapid transit on Colfax.

    Candidate Jamie Giellis’ plan calls for $5 billion in transit spending.
    Props to Jamie; she has a grasp of reality. The estimates used by Denveright look like 2010 costs to me so double those and you’ll be realistic like Jamie.

    • mckillio

      Are there any examples of mid-size cities reducing parking and there being real negative consequences?

      • TakeFive

        I have no idea. Total parking spaces have more to do with development; I was thinking more of available on-street short-term parking. These cater to business people making short term stops which helps to grease the downtown economy and since usually during non-peak hours isn’t significant. For corridors where transit is more important then that’s different which is why I added ‘generally.’

        • mckillio

          I definitely think that on street parking should be the last bit of public parking to go if only because it helps protect our sidewalks and slow traffic down. But eventually Denver will get dense enough that it will make sense to get rid of that parking and allow parklets, expanded sidewalks, green space, bike lanes etc.

          • TakeFive

            Sounds like a sound plan. While I think short-term parking is valuable I’m not married to it.

  • TM

    More one-ways and more parking? This is the worst possible answer.

    • TM

      And getting rid of the few bus only lanes we have? This is all the exact opposite of what we need.

    • TakeFive

      The notion of ‘induced demand’ from available parking goes more to what the private sector provides which is more of a private sector not government issue. It is admittedly also where most of your ‘drivers’ come from. The solution is much better options to driving which currently are less than ideal.

      With respect to public parking provided by the city there are valid reasons for that. The public garage that serves DPAC and the convention center are invaluable. The public parking available to serve the county courts and services as well as the Cultural Center garage are also important. On-street, short-term parking is an invaluable convenience to the business community for short-term access. Auraria will build parking garages because it’s needed. Public parking for the Denver Zoo and the Denver Museum of Nature and Science is also important.

      • TM

        Please. When people are provided cheap parking they will drive, regardless of how great other options are. Limiting parking is one of the most important things we can do to reduce the number of cars driving through our city.

        You may be shocked to find out that the parking the private sector provides is regulated by the government. Most places require it to be built. Downtown outlawing new surface parking lots was one of the most important things we’ve ever done, god knows how much more of the city would have been bulldozed without that change. We can also use parking maximums to limit the amount of parking and we should given the amount of harm car traffic causes.

        I will never worry that getting rid of parking will hurt business. Every bit of space we dedicate to car storage is a waste. Fill that space with homes and businesses will thrive because there will be PEOPLE.

        • TakeFive

          You heavily conflate private sector provided public and private parking with City provided public parking. Most developers have built waaaay more parking than necessary per regs. Obviously Denver doesn’t restrict what the private sector chooses to do with respect to their $100 million dollar projects.

          Ride-sharing may do more to reduce the need for parking but that doesn’t solve your dreams.

          • TM

            Yes, I quite enjoy the completely dead blocks downtown where those public garages sit. Quite lovely. Cars go in for special events and no people on foot ever come outside the complex. So great for the city.
            Denver doesn’t restrict what developers do, except when it forces them to build parking whether they want it or not. We should have maximums on parking, cars are harmful to all of us.
            Ride-sharing is only going to increase the number of vehicle miles driven, not really helpful for anyone who gives a damn about the good of the city.
            My dream is that Denver never end up resembling some hellhole like Phoenix.

          • TakeFive

            The recent hotel proposal for 1637 Blake St will have NO parking. Thought maybe I’d try to brighten your grumpy day. 🙂

          • TM

            As long as we’re expanding highways instead of tearing them out I’m going to be grumpy every day.
            Every project downtown should include no parking. Good for this one.

      • mckillio

        We should not need publicly funded parking garages where there’s great transit, like at the convention center and DPAC.

        • TakeFive

          Many of the best benefactors for the cultural arts and other civic attractions live in the suburbs. For example the CEO of Arrow Electronics, Denver’s biggest Fortune 500 company, has helped to raise many million of $’s for the Denver Zoo including his own contributions. Many of those who attend the CCC for events of regional interest and the performing arts in person also come from the suburbs.

          If Denver becomes so arrogant as to tell all these people to “pack your ass” on public transit you’ll lose a lot of business and support from outside of the city. The beauty to-date is that those living outside of the city have supported Denver to be the main hub for these things. That can change.

          • mckillio

            Thousands of people from the suburbs take transit to downtown Denver every day. I doubt there would be a huge drop off in attendance, especially with the growth of central Denver.

          • TakeFive

            I got to thinking about this later and the concept vision for redeveloping DPAC has them removing the parking garage along Arapahoe St. which I like. With respect to those who don’t want to use transit they could always utilize a limo or Uber/Lyft. I’d guess they’ll keep the CCC parking in any case since it’s tucked away along Speer at Champa. Just a guess they’d try to provide some Valet parking also.


  • Tyler

    Seems like transportation isn’t something that’s really crossed his mind yet.

    His answers are all something like “…it’s definitely something to look into”.

    • TakeFive

      He sadly is among the too many who can’t appreciate the value of (good) transit.